Hemp and marijuana are both from the plant species Cannabis sativa. They contain a different genetic makeup however that makes them a “different version” of the same plant.
In early history, cannabis was cultivated to make food, oils, and fibers such as rope and fabric. Throughout the years, these plants were bred with other plants with similar characteristics, resulting what we now refer to as hemp.
Then there were other similar plants that were recognized for their psychoactive properties. These plants were used mainly for medical and spiritual or religious purposes, manipulated and bred throughout time to come to what we now refer to as marijuana.
Cannabis contains a variety of different compounds called Cannabinoids, two of rich, and the most dominant are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).
Both Cannabinoids have shown to provide profound benefits to the human body; however, THC induces psychoactive effects (gets you “high”), while CBD does not contain any psychoactive properties.
Hemp and marijuana also both contain the cannabinoid CBD. And while hemp plants generally contain higher amounts of CBD and less than 0.3% of THC, hemp isn’t considered a medicinal plant like marijuana. The CBD found in hemp isn’t medically beneficial like the CBD found in high-CBD cannabis strains.
Same plant. Different genetics. One is used for medical and recreational. The other is used for food, fuel and fiber.